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Also known as aphthous ulcers, canker sores are small sores that can occur inside the mouth, cheeks, lips, throat, or sometimes on the tongue. But don’t confuse canker sores with cold sores or fever blisters, which are sores that are caused by the herpes simplex virus and are found outside the mouth around the lips, on the cheeks or chin, or inside the nostrils. Whereas cold sores are contagious, canker sores are not contagious — so kissing cannot spread them.
The classic lesion is a small (less than 1 centimeter) oval to round ulcer with a erythematous (red) border. They occur on the mucous membranes inside the mouth. From 20%-40% of the U.S. population have them at some point in their lives, and many people with have multiple episodes of them. Unless it is a recurrent problem, no workup or treatment is really needed.

Canker Sore Symptoms and Signs

Canker sores occur in several forms. They can involve any area of the mouth except for the top of the tongue, lips, and hard palate.

Minor canker sores (which account for the majority of aphthous ulcers) are oval and less than 10 mm (1/3 inch) across. Most are 2-3 mm with a white center. They are painful but clear up within three to 14 days without scarring. It is unusual for them to become infected.
Major canker sores consist of deep ulcers measuring greater than 1 cm (1/3 inch). These ulcers, which are very painful, have irregular margins and often last for three to six weeks. They tend to heal with extensive scarring.
A third form of canker sores, termed “herpetiform,” resemble herpes infections and consist of many small shallow punched-out lesions, pinhead-sized (1-3 mm) in diameter, or less than 1/10 of an inch. Clusters of these sores may merge together to form large irregular ulcers. They last from seven to 10 days.

Home Remedies for Canker Sores

Canker sores are not very serious conditions, and they will go away just as naturally as they have appeared. However, there are some remedies that can be done at the household level to get the canker sores treated as soon as possible. The following are some interesting and effective home remedies:-

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There are several over-the-counter medications available for the treatment of canker sores. The following are some names of effective brands, which are available at any chemists’ shop: Zilactin B, Anbesol, Oragel and Orabase. These medications are effective and their application will keep you away from the terrible irritation that is caused during eating, drinking or even brushing. Lysine is also good for the treatment of canker sores. This is one of the useful canker sores home remedies.

This is another medical home remedy for canker sores that works in a great way at allaying the painful symptoms of canker sores. Mix equal amounts of Milk of Magnesia and the liquid version of Benadryl. Then put a teaspoonful of this solution in your moth. Keep swirling the solution in the mouth for about one minute and then spit it out. Repeat this for about four to six hours on a daily basis. You will be relieved of all the sharp pains, and also your canker sore will heal much faster.

Natural remedy for canker sores – Some medical professionals say that putting wet black tea bags on sores will help them to heal faster. Black tea contains tannin, which is an alkaloid substance that relieves pain.

Prepare a solution with two ounces of hydrogen peroxide and two ounces of water. Put five teaspoonfuls of salt in it, and one teaspoonful of baking soda. Take this mixture in the mouth and swish it repeatedly. Carry this on for about one minute and then spit the liquid out. Doing this four to five times each day will definitely remove your canker sores within a few days. This is one of the useful home remedies for canker sores.

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