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Although many different types of insects in the United States are able to inflict a poisonous bite or sting (meaning they are venomous), the insects most likely to cause medical problems are bees (including the domestic honey bee, its Africanized “killer bee” race, and the bumble bee), wasps (including paper wasps, hornets, and yellow jackets), and ants (including the fire ant). These insects are all in the Hymenoptera order, and thus stings from them are occasionally called Hymenoptera stings.
Because many of these species live in colonies, if one stings you, you may be stung by many. Although most stings cause only minor medical problems, some stings may cause serious medical problems and even death.

Bee and Wasp Stings Causes

Bees and wasps inject venom by stinging unlucky people. Sometimes-especially with bees-the stinger may be left in the skin. The venom is poisonous and may cause direct injury to the human body. This injury is usually confined to the areas close to the sting or stings.

Allergic reaction: The vast majority of serious medical problems and deaths result from an allergic reaction. This happens in certain people whose immune systems are overly sensitive (or allergic) to the venom. When they get stung, their body may overreact to the venom, and an allergic reaction may happen throughout their body. These people are frequently described as being allergic to specific insect stings.

In the U.S., about 40 deaths are reported each year from insect venom anaphylaxis (severe allergic reaction). These fatal allergic reactions frequently, but not always, occur in people who have had a previous allergic reaction to the same type of insect.
Although multiple stings increase the potential danger in allergic cases, a serious or even fatal allergic reaction can (and does) occur from a single sting in a person with no known prior allergic reaction.
The vast majority of serious and fatal allergic reactions from stings cause a significant and obvious allergic reaction within an hour of being stung. Most deaths from stings occur within the first hour. Immediate emergency medical care is critical in known or suspected allergic reactions after an insect sting. In rare cases, serious or even fatal allergic reactions may not happen for up to four or more hours after an insect sting.

Bee and Wasp Stings Symptoms

The severity of a sting is determined by a number of factors. The type of insect, the location of the sting, the number of stings, and the allergic sensitivity of the victim can all affect the outcome. Most people do not have allergic reactions to bee and wasp stings.

Medical problems from bee and wasp stings are broadly broken down into two categories:

Local reactions (only the part of the body near the sting is affected)
Immediate pain, redness, swelling, and itching at the sting site may occur.
A large (greater than four inches across) local reaction may develop over the next 12-36 hours.
A bacterial skin infection, although uncommon, may also begin during the first 12-36 hours (or even after the first few days).
These may cause an enlarging area of redness at the sting site. It may be difficult to tell a local skin reaction and a local bacterial skin infection apart.

Home Remedies for Bee Sting

Remove the stinger from the wound of the bee sting immediately. Although it is best to use a pair of tweezers, you could use your fingers, if you cannot find one. Removing the stinger immediately will restrict the amount of venom that is released into the body. Then, wash the area with clean water.

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A quick bee sting remedy would be to apply some ice cubes, a cold compress or even a packet of frozen peas to the area of the wound. This is one of the most effective home remedies for bee stings, as it reduces the inflammation and contracts the blood vessels, which keeps the poison from spreading through the body. Apply the cold compress or ice cubes for at least 30 minutes, for it to be effective.

Topically apply some calamine lotion directly on the sting, to soothe the skin. In the absence of calamine lotion, you could use vinegar or baking soda, as an alternative. In fact, make a thick paste out of baking soda and vinegar and apply it directly on the wound, for relief from the pain. This is one of the most common bee sting treatment. You could also sprinkle baking soda on the wound and then pour a few drops of vinegar to make the soda fizz. Do not wash the baking soda and vinegar off, until the pain disappears.

Make a thick paste using meat tenderizer and water (or vinegar) and apply it on to the bee sting. Leave the paste on till the pain goes away.

Place some slices of fresh papaya directly on to the stung area to reduce the pain.

Chew a piece of banana leaf and then place the macerated leaf directly on the bite.

Cover the bee sting with a small dab of mustard.

You can crush fresh parsley or basil leaves and apply it on to the bite area.

Wasps or bees usually resort to stinging a person either when they are threatened or when their territory and nest is disturbed. Normally, a wasp or a bee sting results in mild irritation and pain around the sting site. However, in extreme cases, like an allergic reaction, the effects might be much more serious, at times, even fatal.

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