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Hoarseness is a general term which describes abnormal voice changes. Hoarseness is a huskiness of voice. It is due to irritation of the vocal cords. Hoarseness may take several forms, including a breathiness, raspiness, strain of the voice, or changes in loudness or the tone of the voice. However, when speaking or singing, the vocal cords are brought together, essentially narrowing the air flow and vibrating, producing sound.
The smaller the opening and the tighter the vocal cords are held together, and the more rapidly the vocal cords vibrate, the higher the pitch of the voice. The voice becomes abnormal and indistinct and is characterized by a roughness. This is generally a self limited condition. However in some cases it may also accompany cold and/or some chronic disease. Hoarseness arises from some irritation of the mucus membranes lining the upper portion of windpipe or throat.

Causes of Hoarseness

The most common causes are acute laryngitis which usually occurs due to swelling from a common cold, upper respiratory tract viral infection, or irritation caused by excessive voice use such as screaming at a sporting event or rock concert.
It can also due to growth in the larynx caused by human papilloma viral infection.
Vocal nodules are common in children and adults who raise their voice in work or play. Uncommonly, polyps or nodules may lead to cancer.
One of the most prevalent causes of hoarseness, especially in adults, is gastroesophageal reflux. In this condition, stomach acid comes up from the stomach into the esophagus and into the throat, irritating the vocal cords and the throat itself. It is caused by the inflammation of the voice box.
More prolonged hoarseness is usually due to using your voice either too much,or over use of voice. These habits can lead to vocal nodules (singers’ nodes), which are callous-like growths, or may lead to polyps of the vocal cords (more extensive swelling). Both of these conditions are benign. Vocal nodules are common in children and adults who raise their voice in work or play. Singers sometimes develop nodules on their vocal cords and suffer from hoarseness. Allergies are a common non-infectious processes that can result in hoarseness. The secretions produced in common allergies can drip into the throat (post-nasal drip) irritating the throat and vocal cords. Allergies can also cause swelling of the vocal cords resulting in hoarseness.
Smoking is a major cause of hoarseness. Smoke irritates the mucous membranes and vocal cords.
A common cause of hoarseness in older adults is gastroesophageal reflux, when stomach acid comes up the swallowing tube (esophagus) and irritates the vocal folds.
Many unusual causes for hoarseness include allergies, thyroid problems, neurological disorders, trauma to the voice box and occasionally the normal menstrual cycle. Many people experience some hoarseness with advanced age.

Home Remedies to cure Hoarsness:-


Black Pepper:- Try 1/4 teaspoon of black pepper powder & 1 teaspoon of clarified Butter.
Honey:- Add a little honey to the juice of 10 basil leaves and lick slowly. A spoonful is sufficient to restore the voice.
Apple cider vinegar :- For laryngitis a folk remedy from Vermont uses one teaspoon of apple cider vinegar to half glass of water, taken every hour for seven hours.

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Ginger :- Peel the skin from a small ginger root. Slice the root into thin coins and place the pieces into a small pot of water. Boil the pieces to make tea. The tea should turn a yellowish (straw) or tan color. Add three tablespoons of your favorite honey to sweeten the tea. Sip the hot tea slowly. The tea gives a sharp tingle to the throat after swallowing it. After you sip it, gently clear your throat. This tea also works for trying to get your voice back after a cold.

Onion syrup :- Another excellent gargle is made from onion syrup, honey and lemon. To make the onion syrup: slice three large onions and put them in four or five cups of water; simmer until syrupy; strain. Next, put five or six tablespoonful of the syrup into a glass of warm water, along with a tablespoon of honey and a dash of lemon. Sip slowly.
Roasted Grams:- At night, eat roasted grams and drink warm water on it to get relief.
Turmeric :- Put little turmeric in hot milk and then drink it to get relief.

Most hoarseness does not require treatment and in such cases modified vocal rest is sufficient. Hoarseness due to a cold or flu may be evaluated by family physicians, pediatricians, and internists (who have learned how to examine the larynx). However, when hoarseness lasts more than a few weeks, it should be evaluated by a throat specialist. Problems with the voice are best managed by a team of professionals who know and understand how the voice functions. Some hoarseness may be of complex origin and treatment of the hoarseness may require any one of several professionals, including an otolaryngologist, a speech pathologist, or a vocal coach.

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